Landscape Nature

Penguin Colony

A Penguin Colony in Antartica. Photo by Robert Mcrae for the 2014 National Geographic Traveler Photo Contest.

Penguin Colony

Picture is of Emperor Penguins, the largest of the Penguins. They eat fish, krill, and squid. They are highly adapted to their environment, with solid bones, specialized hemoglobin to function at low oxygen levels, and the automatic ability to reduce their metabolism and shut down organs. They also have streamlined bodies that help them swim better by minimizing drag.

They can also survive extreme cold, down to -40 degrees fahrenheit. Their bodies have a layer of blubber, but their metabolism also helps regulate body temperature. In addition, they have over 100 feathers per a square inch.

The Emperor Penguin was first described by George Robert Gray in 1844.

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